The prostate is a part of male reproductive system. It is the muscular gland that produces some of the components of semen. It is a small gland present in men, about the shape and size of an apricot. But the size of a prostate usually (in most cases) grows as men gets older. This is reason why most men suffers with prostate problems as discussed hereafter in the article.
The prostate helps make semen, the milky fluid that carries sperm from the testis through the penis when a man ejaculates. The prostate surrounds part of the urethra, a tube that carries urine out of the bladder and excreted out of the body through the penis.
Do women have prostates? No. Women donít have any prostates and therefore prostate problems occur only in men as they grow in age.
In males, prostate location is beneath the bladder. It is located in the lower pelvis, beneath the bladder and just in front of the rectum.
How the Prostate Changes with growing age
The prostate gland is likely to grow larger with age. It may squeeze the urethra and cause troubles in passing urine. At times men in their 30s and 40s may begin to have these urinary symptoms and need medical attention. An infection or a tumor may result in enlarged prostate. Be sure to consult a healthcare professional if you suffer with any of the urinary symptoms, such as listed below:
- passing urine more during the daytime
- an urgent need to pass urine
- have less urine flow
- feeling a burning sensation during urination
- frequent urination at night
Growing older raises the risk of prostate problems. The three most common prostate problems are
- enlarged prostate
- prostate cancer
Having prostatitis or an enlarged prostate does not increase the risk of prostate cancer. It is also possible that an individual has more than one condition at the same time.
Prostatitis is an inflammation of the prostate gland due to a bacterial infection. Having this condition does not increase the risk of any other prostate illness.
Symptoms of prostatitis
- problem passing urine
- A burning or stinging feeling or pain during urination
- Chills and high fever
- Low back pain or body aches
- Pain in the lower abdomen, groin, or behind the scrotum
- Urethral expulsion with bowel movements
- Genital and rectal tenderness
- Sex-related problems and loss of sex drive
- Painful ejaculation (sexual climax)
An enlarged prostate is usually referred to as benign prostatic hyperplasia. An enlarged prostate is not linked to cancer and does not increase the risk of getting prostate cancer. However, the symptoms of prostate enlargement and prostate cancer may be alike.
Symptoms of an enlarged prostate
- dribbling urination
- passing urine often, recurring at night
- feeling that the urinary bladder has not emptied fully
- a strong and frequent urge to urinate
- slow urine stream
- discontinue and starting again several times while passing urine
- straining at the beginning of urination
Prostate cancer is the formation of tumor or cancer cells in the tissues of the prostate. Prostate cancer has a propensity to grow slowly as compared with other cancers. Sooner or later, cancer cells may metastasize or spread. By the time symptoms come into sight, cancer may already be developed to later stages.
Symptoms of Prostate Cancer
- difficulty in passing urine
- frequent urge to urinate at night
- interrupted urine stream
- burning pain while passing urine
- the urine or semen may contain blood patches
- throbbing ejaculation
- irritating pain in the back, hips, or pelvis
Prostate cancer may reach the lymph nodes of the pelvic region. It may even spread throughout the body. It has a tendency to spread to the bones. Bone pain may be a symptom of advanced prostate cancer.>>